Khalid bin Waleed Battle of Sanita-al-Uqab 634 AD

After defeating the Roman army in the battle of Marj al-Safar, the Islamic army under the leadership of Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed (RA) advanced towards Damascus. had done Apart from this, Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed sent one of his troops towards the road coming from Emisa. so that if Heracles sent his troops from Antioch or Emisa towards Damascus, they could be watched.

There were about fifteen to sixteen thousand soldiers in the city, and many people from the surrounding areas had taken refuge in the city, so there was a very large number of people in Damascus, including the residents and the refugees. The people of Damascus did not know the number of Muslim forces, but they guessed that the number of Muslims would be much less after the three battles of Ajnadin Yaqusa and Marj al-Safr.

Battle Tactics and Gate Positions

Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed took a large part of his troops with whom he had fought major battles in Iraq. They were given under the leadership of Hazrat Rafi bin Umeera. while he, with four hundred horsemen, remained at a short distance behind them in the eastern gate. He appointed Hazrat Shahrabeel bin Hasna at the Thomas gate, Hazrat Abu Ubaydah at the Jabiya gate, Hazrat Amr bin As and Qaisan at the Firdous gate, and Hazrat Yazid bin Abi Sufyan at the small gate.

In all these gates, four to five thousand soldiers were posted at each gate, in addition to Hazrat Zarrar bin Al-Azur, two thousand horsemen were assigned to patrol the city and help the Islamic army in case of Roman attacks. On the day after the siege, Hazrat Khalid bin Walid presented the Roman emperor Colus and Azazir, who had been captured in the battle of Marj al-Safar, to the eastern gate where the Roman soldiers on the city wall could see them.

Khalid bin Waleed’s Diplomacy and Three Weeks of Conflict

Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed first invited these two chieftains to Islam, but both of them refused, and then Hazrat Khaled bin Waleed killed them both. The siege of the city continued for three weeks and the two armies attacked each other. They continued shooting although there was a significant loss from both sides in this archery. As soon as he heard about the defeat by the Muslims in the Battle of Marj al-Safar and the siege of Damascus, the Roman Emperor Herakles once again started gathering his forces in Antioch.

The recent situation of the Roman Empire had become quite serious. However, the successful advance of the Muslims created an even more critical situation. There was a considerable Roman army in Damascus, which could defend the city. But their biggest problem was that they lacked supplies. The Roman emperor Hercules knew this very well. Therefore, within ten days of the siege, he gathered an army of twelve thousand and sent it towards Damascus after giving it food.

Roman Relief Army and the Ambush

On September 9, six hundred thirty-four AD, a messenger told Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed that a Roman army was coming towards Damascus via Emasia. Hazrat Khalid bin knew that Heracles would do everything possible to help Damascus and that was the reason why he had already posted a barrier on the main road. He dispatched five thousand soldiers under the leadership of Zarrar bin Al-Azur and sent Hazrat Rafi bin Umira along with them.

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Hazrat Zarrar bin Al-Azor hid his troops in an ambush and as soon as the Roman army came forward the next day, he attacked them with his troops, but the Roman army was already prepared for this sudden attack, so they made a big attack. Successfully stopped the attack of the Muslims. The Roman army was twice as large as the Muslims, but despite this, Hazrat Zarrar bin Al-Azor ordered his soldiers to continue advancing. And soon the Roman soldiers surrounded them

Hazrat Rafi bin Umeera’s Plea for Help

An arrow in his arm wounded Hazrat Zarrar bin Al-Azur. Finally, he was arrested and sent to Antioch as a reward to Emperor Herakle. Rafi bin Umeera took over, but meanwhile, the Roman soldiers started pushing the Muslims back. Seeing these conditions, Hazrat Rafi bin Umeera asked for help from Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed. After receiving the message of Hazrat Rafi bin Umeera, Hazrat Khalid bin Walid left with his four thousand horsemen to help them and attacked the Roman army as soon as they left.

The Roman army resisted for some time. But he could not bear the fierce attacks of Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed and started to leave the battlefield. Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed ordered his army to follow him to maintain his pressure. Most of the Roman soldiers were killed in this battle. And very few could escape with their lives.

Zarrar bin Al-Azur Rescued

After defeating the Roman army in this battle, Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed sent a squad of one hundred horsemen to Hazrat Rafi bin Umeera among the soldiers taking Hazrat Zarrar bin Al-Azur prisoner. Hazrat Rafi bin Umeera caught these soldiers before they reached Emisiya killed them and freed Hazrat Zarrar bin Al-Azur. After defeating this relief army of Heracles and seizing their supplies, once again Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed besieged Damascus.

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