History of Blue Mosque: Sultan Ahmed I (1590-1617)

History of Blue Mosque: Sultan Ahmed I was born on the 18th of April 1590 and died 22nd of November 1617. Ruled as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1603 to 1617 marking a significant era in Ottoman history. His Reign brought about a departure from the long-standing Ottoman tradition of fratricide where rulers would systematically execute their brothers upon ascending the throne.

Additionally Sultan Ahmed I is renowned for commissioning the construction of the iconic Blue Mosque a masterpiece of Islamic architecture in Turkey. Ahmed, I was born on April 18th, 1590 at the Manisa Palace during his father Mehmed III’s tenure as the governor of the sanjak of Manisa. His mother was Hondan Sultan following the death of his grandfather Murad III in 1595.

Family Turmoil and Ascension to the Throne

Ahmed’s father Mehmed III ascended the throne ordering the execution of Ahmed’s 19 Brothers Ahmed’s elder brother shade Mehmood also met a tragic fate executed by Mehmed III just before he died in 1603. Mehmood was interred in a maalum built by Ahmed at the shade mosque in Constantinople.

Ascending the throne at the age of 13 in 1603 Ahmed I faced a power struggle in the Haram particularly between his mother Handan Sultan and his grandmother Safia Sultan supported the conflict in favor of his mother. Notably, Ahmed I broke with tradition by refraining from ordering the execution of his brother Mustafa instead of sending him to live in seclusion.

Challenges and Internal Struggles

Sultan Ahmed faced internal challenges concerning succession and rivalry among his brothers. his relationship with his brother Mustafa is particularly noteworthy. Mustafa was a potential heir to the throne and there were concerns about his claim. Sultan Ahmed I influenced by political considerations and Intrigue at the Ottoman court ordered the execution of Mustafa in 16003.

Witness challenges on multiple fronts including Wars in Hungary and Persia the Treaty of Zit Vada in 16006 signed with Austria abolished the annual tribute paid by the latter to the Ottoman Empire tarnishing its Prestige. The Ottoman Safavid War of 1603 resulted in territorial losses to the Safavid Empire with regions in the Caucasus seated back to Persia.

Foreign Relations and Wars

During Ahmed’s rule, the ruler of Morocco Mulai Zidan resumed paying tribute as a vassel to the Ottomans for protection against Algiers following a period of interruption due to the Civil Wars. The Ottoman-Saxid War of 16046 faced setbacks partly due to mismanagement by military commanders. Simultaneously the long Turkish war against the Hapsburg monarchy continued, marked by successes in capturing Euphrates and Tigris.

Jalali Revolts and Ottoman Expansion

Presentment over the Habsburg war and heavy taxation fueled the Jalali revolts during Ameen’s Reign. These uprisings driven by figures like Tavil Ahmed and Grand Vizier Malkoç Ali Pasha posed a considerable threat  Kuyucu Murad Pasha played a crucial role in suppressing these revolts marking the end of Ottoman growth in Europe.

Blue Mosque History
Blue Mosque History

Ahmed renewed trade treaties with various European powers including England, France, Venice, and the Dutch Republic. Notably, the first-ever trade treaty with the Dutch Republic was signed in July 1612. Post enduring architectural Legacy is the Sultan Ahmed mosque known as the Blue Mosque constructed across from the Hagia Sophia.

History of Blue Mosque

This Mosque a pinnacle of Ottoman architecture showcased Ahmed’s dedication to Islam. he also played a role in the renovations of the Kabba in Mecca. Known for his skills in fencing poetry and horseback writing amedi was a patron of Scholars and religious figures. His reign saw efforts to enforce Islamic laws and traditions including regulations against alcohol.


Ahmed succumbed to typhus and gastric bleeding on November 22nd, 1617 at the top of Capy Palace in Istanbul. he was buried in Sultan Ahmed’s mosque. Ahmed had two known consorts Mehpekar kosum Sultan and Mahferoz hatun and at least 13 sons and 10 daughters. Notable among his sons were Osman II, Murad 4, and Ibrahim, who succeeded him as Ottoman Sultans.

Bayezid Sani-12th Ruler of The Ottoman Empire

Ahmed is the first chiefly remembered for the construction of the Sultan Ahmed mosque an enduring symbol of Ottoman Grandeur. His Reign marked by a departure from fratricide and a focus on diplomatic relations and trade left an indelible mark on Ottoman history setting the stage for subsequent rulers within the Empire.

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